Bowlbys Evolutionary Theory of Attachment Suggest that Babies ar Biologically Pre-Programmed to form Attachments with the Primary Caregiver as a Survival Mechanism. Discuss this statement in observation to research into trammel. Bowlby described attachment as being a lasting psychological connectedness between benignant beings. Bowlbys Attachment theory focuses on the connectedness between infants and their prototypic caregivers i.e. their mothers, He states that this connection is an innate process which evolved as a natural selection mechanism to protect the infants and ensure that genes could be passed on. Bowlbys attachment theory was heavily influenced by Darwins survival of the fittest as well as animal studies such as Lorenzs geese study. In this study, Lorenz found that geese would attach to the first message they saw moving once they hatched, this included a watering heap. Lorenz coined the term imprinting to describe this phenomenon. He believed that on tha t extremum was a comminuted menses in which this had to happen (5 to 24 hours) or an attachment would neer be made. Bowlby built on this thought and believed that humans withal have a critical decimal point for attachment. If attachment was not made by 2.5 years, infants would never be able to form an attachment.
Although Lorenzs study appears to aliveness Bowlbys ideas, it is valuable to remember that the cognitive abilities of geese will disaccord greatly from that of human infants and therefore it is difficult to generalise the results to humans. It can in like manner be argued that depriving animals o f an attachment is unethical. Sluckin contra! dicted Lorenzs critical period and proposed that there was a sensitive period which stated that if no attachment was made in the first 24 hours it could stillness be made after this time. This could therefore be accepted of human attachments as well. A major theory which was also influenced by Lorenz is the idea that infants will form only whiz important attachment in their lives, normally with the...If you want to subscribe to a full essay, order it on our website: OrderCustomPaper.com
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