INTRODUCTION Financial markets characterise by many entities that interact and affect to each mavin other in the intersection process. In this context, there atomic number 18 deuce different cominges to stocks determine: cost-effective markets (EM) and noise trading (NT). for each i get along implements different scenarios that lead to different results. The contain of this report is to look at these two different climbes and to equalise and surround circuit between criteria that shape each approach. The first and offspring sections discuss the EM and NT approaches, respectively, whilst the third section comp ar and subscriber line between these two different approaches based on criteria much(prenominal) as investors behavior and risks involve. EFFICIENT MARKETS APPROACH. Shleifer (2000) defines an efficient market (EM) as one in which security prices always plenteousy formulates the available outgrowth (p. 1). A prerequisite for this strong version of t he approach is that elaboration and trading costs argon always zero (Fama, 1991). A weaker and more rational edition of the EM approach sates that prices glisten nurture to the point where the marginal benefits of acting on culture do not exceed the marginal costs (Fama, 1991). Therefore, the approach implies that the price changes are independent of one another (Brealey & adenosine monophosphate; Myers, 1996).
Investors make out this approach named arbitrageurs, fully rational investors whose trading decisions are not subject to sentiment (Shleifer & Summers, 1990). According to Malkiel (1996), the EM approach relies on three main assumptions. ! First, the market is so efficient in a way that nil derriere purchase or sell quickly enough to benefit. Second, finished pricing exists. The approach holds that stocks sell at the best estimates of their rudimentary values. therefore uninformed investors buying at the existing prices are acquiring full value for their investment, whatever stocks they purchase. Third, the approach involves that nobody has king over the market and that... If you want to get a full essay, order it on our website: OrderCustomPaper.com
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