Wednesday, June 5, 2019
The Differences of Education between China and America
The Differences of preparation amongst china and AmericaAfter the human society has formed, a bully enterprise was born. distinguishable regions and cultures made antithetical ways of procreation. Besides, competition has launched on a global scale. International competition is actually the competition of pa post and talents which need pedagogy to boost. China and America feed the extremely influence to the international society, and they put on received the universal attention. China has had signifi lavt change since the cornerst whiz of the nation in all respects. As well, America also has changed enormously since 1949 to 2010. With this background, many countries are trying on introspection of direction, cross adoption and fusion. We can tall(prenominal)ly ask ourselves that can our current rearing system go along with the increasinglyfierceinternationalcompetition. What actually the differences of raising between China and America are? The people are well educat ed not however by hearer but also by parents. Chinese learning and American education have their own strong points. Apparently, the paper doesnt mean to deny American education or Chinese education. Through the compari password, this paper puts forward both(prenominal) implications that suit for Chinese education.Nowadays the society is developing fast. Comparing between different countries can make us have a cook opinion ab fall out what we should improve. It is essential for our Chinese to adopt some satisfactory education methods from other countries. It helps to educate our child to be a psyche with high IQ and EQ.The Definition of EducationEducation is the entire process which raise newborn generation prepares to be engaged in social life, and is also the severalise link which the experience of human can be inherited and developed mainly refer to the raising process of children of school ageand the youth. Broadly, everything that promotes peoples knowledge and the ski ll, affects peoples personal character can be called education. In a limited sense, education refers chiefly to school education whose meaning is that the educator exerts their influence on consistency and mind of the educated to train them into the people which a certain society needs. The basis problems of education are what kinds of talents we should raise and how to do. On this fundamental issue, different education time value cause different training aim and different t individuallying mode. China and Americas education values are different. In the raising of humans special request, on that point also exist extended differences. The Causes of Educations Differences between China and AmericaWhy these two kinds of education have so many differences? To sum up, the causes of different education are2.1The Different History BackgroundsIt is known that American is an emigrant country whose people mostly come from Europe, just like a big melting pot with a short history and has l ess superannuated culture. It is affected by multi-value and multi-culture. So compared with Chinese people, they own to a greater extent adventure lifespan and creation sprits. However, China had a long history which can be traced back to 5000 years ago. At the same time, it is bounded by much old culture and affected by feudal farmers idea. Its culture value is conservative. Chinese people are educated to be fictile followers, and lack of an environment to seize new ideas on the whole.2.2 The Different Economic PatternsAmerican trade good economy is highly developed and the productive force is advanced. single can position jobs in many ways. The pressures of living are smaller than Chinese. In China, there are many kinds of jobs for Americans to choose. In Americans opinions, anyone can get others respect, no matter what his job is. Besides, commodity economy is changing all the time jobs are changing at the same time. By contrast, China is a developing country. The pressure of living is great. One person may do only one job in his whole life, so Chinese continuously put all their happiness on a job. They think having a stable job is fortunate.2.3 The Different Traditional CulturesThe different traditional culture is the main reason for differences in education between China and America. Chinese emphasis the team sprit and comprehensive abilities of a child, they attach to a greater extent attention to the behavior of normalization and self condition, they against the independent consciousness, the parents tell their children that they should restrain part in the group to adapt the society. In America culture, they emphasis people foremost and attach weight to single potential and creativity.Chinese fee to a greater extent attention to general character while Americans attach attention to personality. In chinas traditional culturethe first educator is parent. The Chinese parents regard their children as their own private correctty. Therefore, the parents have a high opinion of shaping the childs personality, affects the childs personal construction. They pay attention to their own dream, has neglected the childs habit and happiness, so it precede the child to be in the passive situation, ignore the childs individual existence.Whereas, the American civilization takes the child as the main subject, think highly of individual, emphasizes equality, and respects the individual right. The western parents regard the child as an equal member in the family not a child, have the right to offer suggestion, respect the childs personality and dignity, they permit the child think freely and choose independently. They respect the childs self-respect and advocate childs instinct development. In America education, the parents are not just childs parents, but his friends.2.4 Different Ways of Thinking Americans encourage rationalism while Chinese encourage affection. America education praise rationalism highly. Most of American parents cons ider the debt instrument of raising a child the same as the responsibility to the society. They stand not only in an individual beat but the social position. Chinese parents consider the children as their own private property. From this point of view, we can understand why more than Chinese parents expect their children to be talents than American parents do. The Comparison of Chinese Education and American Education3.1 Examination-oriented vs. Quality-orientedAmerican education can be called quality-oriented education which tells the students that studying is their own matter, cares more about how students use knowledge in the society and they give students chances to decide what they want to meet, so the students in America are initiative, nimble and happy. Compared with American education, Chinese style of education is quite different. Chinese education is called exam-oriented education which the educators unendingly formulate many kinds of rule before minute over to impose restrictions on what to do, how much one should learn, when to learn and so on. Chinese students have nothing to do but follow. Chinese students regard the study utility and all go for high scores not enjoying the process of success. They look at the study as their parents and teachers matter, and study is only the method which helps them win promotion and earn money to live rich life. So the Chinese students are passive, compelled and dogma. Chinese education is for basic education their knowledge is profound but far away from the application of daily life. American education is for the students creativity and cogency, so in America, a white-collar doesnt know how much 10 plus 6 is is not shameful. They believe that training childrens creative thinking when the children are young is fundamental. save China is completely contradicted. They lay too much stress on foundation education and neglect the training of creative thinking. So American students have low score but high energy , Chinas student have high-grades but low ability. In fortune 500 companies dont want to employ Chinese student, to them, Chinese education raise only servants of knowledge and careen called as nurture the human, on the contrary, American education nurtures the master of knowledge. The test of America is always broadcast book exam, and the students can be hand in the paper in a week. The answer is not one and only. Chinese schools are exam-oriented which is strict, the issue of which is one and only. Even though, we are trying a lot to improve our schools to quality-oriented education, the Chinese education is still essentially exam-oriented education. But Americans say that they are learning from us to prepare their students for exams. Maybe, the two extremes of education are breathing out together.3.2 Teacher-centered vs. Student-centeredIn China, the teacher is superior while the American teacher is friendly approachable person, even the prof in university carries little weig ht in class, and everybody is equal. American refuses to accept any authority. Chinese students put blind faith in their teacher. American teachers are always have a great passion and humorous. On the contrary, most Chinese teachers are stern throughout the class. Chinese educations purpose is to teach students to have noquestion, but American educations aim is teaching students to find questions, ask questions, and solve question. Chinese usually deliver a child how to do something, or teach by holding their detention and give great priority to train skills at their early age rather than foster creativity. The Chinese parents want to meet their children be succeeding in life, insist on private tuition for them and in some cases, for almost every subject. Many parents believe that additional educational activities have many advantages. By extra studies, their children are able to taste many kinds of practical skills and knowledge, which give put them in a high position in the fu ture job markets when they grow up. Many parents hope that their children become a rich man when they grow up, because these rich people are regarded as the symbol of success and can win respect of others. As an instance, a Yale law school professor, Amy Chua s current book, Battle Hymn of Tiger Mother, which gives society plenty to debate about raising kids, was proved to be a high-pitched debate about Chinese education and American education which is superior. She say that she believe that her daughters can be the best student, academic achievement reflect successful parenting education, and that if they didnt stand out in school then there was a problem in her parenting. So she made ten cast-iron rules for her two daughters, such as never allowed to have a play date, never be in school play, never watch TV or play computer games and so on. So in China, the education is teacher-centered, but in America, it is student-centered. When we shed of teaching methods, American teachers barely specify content. On the other hand, Chinese teachers, pay more attention to the content. The only work the student should do is to listen. American teachers have a great passion and are always humorous. On the contrary, most Chinese teachers are always grave throughout the class.3.3 Different Approaches to learningMemory-based vs. Understanding-basedMost of Chinastudents have been taught that they should have the good attitude of studying towards goals. They must remember the knowledge the teacher taught. When the children are 3 or 4 years old, most of Chinese parents start teaching children the simple calculating skill and writing their own names and also the family members names. Almost every Chinese have the memory of being obliged to repetition Chinese ancient poems in their childhood. So the Chinese education is memory-based. In America, people more value childrens abilityof practicalapplication. They just need understanding the knowledge and can use it.To sum up, Chine se Education brass and American Education System have their own advantages and disadvantages. Chinese think highly of foundational knowledge whereas Western pay more attention on creativeness. If we could join two systems together, there is going be more Chinese performers on the 21st century stage.3.4 Expectation on ChildrenIn China, there is an idiom which is . It means that the parents hope their children have a bright future whether they are happy or not. But in America, the American parents only want their children to have a happy life and to be a useful person to the society. EducationinChinamakes children dependent while thewesternone makes children independent. When Chinese teach their babies to walk, they always hold their babies hands until they can walk and stand. So when we face difficult, we would think of finding someone to help us firstly, not to solve it by ourselves. But American parents always watch their babies standing up and falling down again and again, leavin g their babies crying aloud, and never come to help. So American students are more independent, when there is a Chinese student and an American student, American students will tell their parents I have enough money to have a trip. Whereas Chinese will say dad and mom, I want to travel, please give me some money.American people pay more attention to childrens originality and independence more than the Chinese do. And they think self-reliance is a principal value of child. They also think that creativity should be acquired early. On the other hand, skills can be picked up posterior American parents think much of developing their childrens creativity which I think is more important than Chinese parents teaching their children by their hand. Teaching by hand is to make children have less ingenuity. America, they teach children that they should depend on themselves for correct solutions to problems. Besides, they put more emphasis on promote creativity in children. Americans let their c hildren solve the problem by themselves. For instance, they let the children know the value of labor, repair the motorcycle themselves at an early age, in China, that work is seen as the adults work. In the Americanfamily, children can call their parents name just like adult and friend, and the children can express their viewsand participate infamilydiscussions which in china, parents decision is more important. The children can restore things themselvesand parents wont intervene their children if they do not have legitimate reasons. They tend to give their children opportunities to learnandcorrect by themselves, if they did in a wrong way, the parents would advice them in aeuphemisticway. This independent personality makes their children have more individual abilitiesandefforts.By comparison, we cant say which is divulge, because every coin has two sides. Everything may be different in different places. We live on the same earth, but the differences of family education are so gre at that it demand us to do some research and we can get something useful from American education to consummate our family education system. The Comparison of the Educations Aim and Results between China and America4.1 The Comparison of the Aims of EducationNow people become more and more realize the importance and significance of education. Educations aims determine what kind of people they educated will be. So the aims of education are the nucleus, which is the primary reason of the different education between Chinese and American. Once the aim is constructed, education contents and material must be theorize according to the aims.To train the child into a social man is American educations aims which make students can deal with all kinds of problems and independent ability. To accomplish it is not a high expectation. Social man is not an implementable idea, and easy to achieve. So American parents have an easeful attitude to educate their children. They are good at finding out the strong suit of their children. And also the children can find their passion and value from education. They can experience the joy of studying. As a matter of fact, this kind of education can get good results. Lets see the process of growth of American children. When they are still a baby, they sleep in their own room When they should learn walk, they learn it by themselves, they seldom ask parents for help When they grow up, they should clean the rooms by themselves They do what they can do to earn money from childhood. For example, they do house cleaning, be a delivery boy when they go to senior middle school or university, they do part-time jobs to make money for tuition.By comparison, Chinese educations aim is to train children into talents. A glorious future means to get an ideal job and to live a rich. First, this aim is high and utility. It is hard to make it come true, because having a glorious future is not an easy work. Because of the aim, Chinese parents especially care fo r childrens achievements in study. Their only requirement is that their children can turn all the attentions on their study. Nevertheless, they ignore their childrens extraordinary abilities, damage their ability to innovate and imaginations. It turns out that parents would kill the talents of the children. Although, Chinese children study very hard and get good achievements, they lack of abilities to cater to this society. Sometimes, parents hope would be all over. For example, the Australia-Chinese, WeiLi, who is a high flier in music field, a month ago, he killed his mother, and then he left Australia by international flight. His father is a businessman, and his mother is a housewife, so her main work is keeping WeiLi at hard study and requires his son do everything successfully. WeiLi couldnt bear the pressure, so killed his mother. This is a tragedy.The aim of education is not only making children know something but also making them can do something. Based on the common sense o f world, student should have the courage to question the authority and raise their own opinions. If some people disagree each other in some respects, they can discuss it with each other until they can have a single voice. We know that two heads are better than one, and all of them could hold their own opinions but all of them could better understand the problem. By this mean, students develop their critical spirit and cater to the development of the society.4.2 The Comparison of the Educations Results between China and AmericaDifferent results of education are due to different aims, methods and concepts, the educational result show some obvious different.Generally speaking, American children show us their distinguishing characters when they are in young age. For example, they have very strong ability of independence they dont depend on their parents after 18 years old. The bug out of them will do some part-time job to earn their own bread. They can keep a cool head when they face t roubles. They have the ability to adapting the society and can get on well with other people easily. Because they are independent from family when they are 18 and have experience from their work, they have more courage and confidence. Although Chinese students schoolwork is better than American students, they cant live well independently without the support of their parents. In short, the prominent characteristics of American children are their great capacity and the adaption to the society.Although, Chinese children, teenagers, even university students, who get great achievements in their studies and receive satisfaction, they do things in passive ways, such as timid, relying on other people, wanting(p) of the ability to adapting the environment and get along well with other people. Even worse, with poor independent viability, they cant deal with money in a proper way. In short, they are lack of the sympathy and only want other people to care about them and the ability to help oth ers. Supposing that if a person only cares about himself, what responsibilities can he take for the society? Chinese parents hope their children study hard in the school instead of taking part in the changing society.Nowadays, what kind of the education fits for the society? The future of a nation depends on the young generation. Nations development needs mans creativity, activity, knowledge and talent. As the civilization develops, more and more people need to pay attention to the education of the ability to do all kinds of things and humanity. So todays society needs active talents and all-round. Obviously, Americaneducation can bring a child full of creativity and ability in modern society, parents attach more attention to education in American the same as those in China. By comparison, Chinese family education only can produce a talent, who is good at studying and never against the rules. It is the result of examination-oriented education, which not only do harm to childrens bod y but also the mind. So Chinese education needs a reform immediately. Implications for Teaching and informationIn my opinion, on the one hand, we need inherit and develop the fine educational tradition of ancient China on the other hand, we need grasp the essence from American education, and promote the reforming of Chinese education.5.1 Education Aims Turn Talent Education into Human Education.Through the comparison, we can find that American family educations aim is more fitting the progress of the society than Chinas. In the meantime, it can produce more persons with creative ability. That cant be denying. In Chinese exam-oriented education, we mislead and kill a lot of talents. Generally speaking, a persons comprehensive capacity becomes more and more important as the developing of social productive force, the society competition becomes more and more violently.5.2 Education Contents Turn One-sided Family Education into All-round Family Education.In China, the aim of education is to pass knowledge to the next generation. Because of the wrong purpose, they expert a large number of students with high score but low ability. This kind of education will make childrens quality development unbalanced, so that it cant fit for this dynamic society. After setting up human education as our educations aim, we should improve childrens comprehensive quality. We should turn one-sided education into all-round education to improve the comprehensive quality of children,.5.3 To Turn Knowledge Education into Capability EducationIn todays society, as development of modern science and technology, people have put training ability in a core position than teaching knowledge. Its goal is to improve every aspect of quality which a person needs and fit the requirements of the societys development. Education demands the parents and teacher not only to give children knowledge, food and money, but the skills to get them. Parents should teach the children playing, working and communica ting which are the abilities a person should have in modern society. Chinese should turn knowledge-education into capability-education. ConclusionThe education is a cultural phenomenon which can reflect a nations culture connotation. Chinese and the American education each have its own advantages. To make up for ones deficiency, one should learn from others strong points, pick up good idea from the other, and clitoris forward the educational modernization immediately. China should turn talent education into human education, turn restrained education into loose and comfortable education, and use scientific mode of education to boot the reforms of education. If we can follow these changing, Chinese education will go to a rosy future. American also can get something they lack of from our education. Every child grows up under his parents and teachers educate, so childrens destinies are closely related to education. For the children, for the family, for the society, we should change our wrong way of education. America and China are two great nations. One is the largest developed country and the other is the largest developing country. More and more Chinese people go to the America to study just or advanced knowledge, or just having visits. And more and more American people come to China for jobs and joys. Cultural exchanges have played an important role in friendship and promoting mutual understanding between the two countries.